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  • Primary

 

 


 

The primary classroom is a specially prepared environment for children from 2.9 to 6 years of age. Having children of multi ages working together in one setting develops independence, leadership and promotes socialization. The teacher in a Montessori classroom is trained to recognize the windows of learning or sensitive periods that occur in young children and uses didactic materials to maximize the intellectual growth of each individual. The curriculum is based on five vital areas – practical life, sensorial, math, language and culture.

Practical life activities are a powerful aid to life. These exercises foster logical and sequential thinking. Lessons include the care of the person, care of the classroom and outdoor environments, grace and courtesy as well as movement. The sensorial area includes materials designed to develop the abilities of categorization and comparison. The math materials help the child internalize concepts of number, symbol, sequence, and the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplications and division, and the memorization of basic facts. Language is interwoven throughout all areas of the curriculum. Specific language activities include oral language, music, written expression, grammar and reading. The mechanics of proper penmanship are introduced and reinforced. The study of world cultures imparts a rich fabric of information about history, geography, and natural science. The arts are integrated into the daily life of the classroom allowing children to use creativity as a medium of expression. The primary classroom extends into the outdoor environment where the children explore the physical world and play together.

The child who has completed the primary Montessori program has built an optimal foundation for further learning. This child has absorbed concrete concepts and is entering the second plane of development, characterized by movement toward abstract learning.  Whether continuing in a Montessori elementary program or entering a traditional classroom, a student who has completed the primary cycle demonstrates academic acuity, confidence, independence and a love of learning.

 

Primary Program Extended Day

Between the ages of four and five, children evolve out of the "absorbent mind" period and enter the next stage of development, "The Age of Reason".  At this time there is a natural progression for morning children to enter the extended day program.  Having explored and used the Montessori materials for at least one year in the primary program, the extended day child begins to work on a conscious, as well as an unconscious level.  Extended day children receive more detailed and  higher level lessons, because they are beginning to deal with abstract ideas and more abstract materials.  The Extended day children play an important role in the primary classroom.  Morning children often turn to them for their help.  This not only benefits the younger children, but serves to reinforce the extended day child's  knowledge of the materials as well as provide him/her a sense of confidence and responsibility.  The extended day child's work cycle includes lunch, recess and afternoon lessons.  Some afternoons include Spanish, art, music and physical education.  Extended day is a very enriching and challenging experience.